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羊肚菌菌种厂家介绍羊肚菌白绢病的识别与防治

2020-02-04

近几年,随着羊肚菌种植的火热,不间断的有新人涌入,由于基础知识薄弱加之羊肚菌彩票计划神器是不同于常规食用菌栽培的一种全新的栽培模式,面对生产中的各种病虫害往往束手无策。

羊肚菌栽培和传统食用菌的不同就是菌种摆放在开放的土壤环境中,而不是灭过菌的菌包内部,这种粗放的栽培模式也使得很多传统食用菌从业者理所当然地认为羊肚菌栽培是极其简单的事情,但在栽培过程中会遇到各种问题,最常见的就是病虫害的侵袭,在粗放的土壤环境中有大量的各种微生物和昆虫,均可能对羊肚菌的菌种或菌丝造成影响。

因为羊肚菌菌种是裸露在地表,菌种上面附带足量的营养物质如木屑、麦粒等,容易滋生杂菌;而在播种操作中覆土完全没有裸露的菌种往往不容易被杂菌侵袭,这是因为羊肚菌菌丝生长力较为旺盛,能在贫瘠的土壤内长距离穿梭形成菌丝网络,而杂菌在土壤中穿梭的能力相对较弱;当然菌种带杂或菌种活力不足也是原因之一;除此之外,土壤水分偏大也是造成杂菌容易着床滋生的主要原因。本文着重介绍一下羊肚菌菇床常见的白娟病的防控措施。

YANGDUJUNBAIJUANBING,YOUJIAOXIAOJUNHEBING,LUOSHIJUNHEBING,ZHUYAOWEIHAIYANGDUJUN、CAOGU、SHUANGBAOMOGUDENG,SHICHUANGZAISHIYONGJUNPINZHONGBIJIAOCHANGJIANDEYIZHONGBINGHAI。

【ZHENGZHUANG】

GAIBINGFASHENGZAIBOZHONGHOUDEJUNSITISHENGZHANGJIEDUANHEZISHITIXINGCHENGJIEDUAN。FASHENGCHUQI,ZAIGUCHUANGFUTUBIAOMIANDEJUNSICHANGCHENGYIQUANYIQUANDEHUANXING,JUNSIBAISE、MIANXUZHUANG、XISHU、YOUGUANGZE。

HOUQIBAISEJUNSIXIAOSHI,ZAIFUTUBIAOMIANCHUXIANXUDUOBAISEXIAOKELIZHUANGJUNHE,DAXIAORUXIAOMILI,YIHOUBIANWEIMIHUANGSEZHICHAHESE,ZHIJING1LIMIZUOYOU,BIAOMIANGUANGHUA,WAIXINGSIYIKEYOUCAIZI。SHOUQINRANDEGUCHUANG,YANGDUJUNJUNSIZHUJIANXIAOSHI,ZHISHENGXIASHAOXUJIAOCUDEJUNSUO,CHUGULIANGDADAJIANSHAOSHENZHIBUCHUGU。YIXINGCHENGDEZISHITIBINGYUANJUNSHOUXIANQINHAIGUTIJIBU,BIAOMIANCHAOSHI,YOUNIANXING,ZUIHOUZHENGGEZISHITIRUANFU。

【BINGYIN】

BINGYUANJUNWEIXIAOHEJUN,ZAI25-30℃XIASHENGZHANGHENKUAI,GAIJUNCHANSHENGDEJUNHEZIRANCUNZAIYUTURANG、DAOCAOHUOFENKUAIZHONG,PEIYANGLIAOFAJIAOGUOCHENGZHONGRULIAOWENGUODIHENNANJIANGQISHASI,ZHUYAOSHIPEIYANGLIAODAIJUNCHUANBO,RUYUFAJUNQIGAOWENGAOSHI,CANCUNYULIAOZHONGDEBINGYUANJUNJUNHEJIUHUIMENGSHENGJUNSI,SHENGZHANGMANYAN,BINGFENMIDUSU,QINHAIPEIYANGJIZHIHEZISHITI,RANBINGBUWEIBUNENGCHUGU,YICHUDEZISHITISHOUQINHAI,MANYANHENKUAI。

【FANGKONGFANGFA】

彩票计划神器1.BOZHONGQIAN30TIAN,DUIZHONGZHIDIJINXINGFANGENG,MEIMUDISHIRU50-75kgSHENGSHIHUI,TURANGFANGENGHOUJINXINGBAOSHAI。

2.QINGCHUTIANJIANDENONGYEFEIQILIAO,TEBIESHIYUMIJIEGANDENGHANTANGLIANGFENGFUDEZAWU,KEYIYOUXIAOJIANSHAOZISHENGYINGYANGYUAN。

3.BOZHONGQIAN,YONG“GULAOYE”PAI“JUNDISANJUE”MEIGUANDUISHUI50GONGJINPENSAYIMUDI。KEYIYOUXIAODISHAMIETURANGZHONGDECHONGLUANHEGEZHONGZAJUNBAOZI(SHACHONG、SHAJUN、CHUQINGTAI)。

4.XUANYONGYOUZHIJIANZHUANGWUWURANDEJUNZHONG。BOZHONGGUOCHENGZHONGDEFUTUZAOZUOYAOGUIFAN,TURANGSHIDULIXIANG。JUNZHONGXIATUQIAN,TURANGYAOJINXINGXIAODU,MEIMUPENSA“GULAOYE”ERDAIJINXINGXIAODUYE5-8PING(MEIPINGXIAODUYEDUISHUI15GONGJINJUNYUNPENSA),XIATUHOUJIANGE8-10TIANPENSAYICI“GUDASHUAI”YAOYE,ZAIZENGJIAJUNSIYINGYANGDETONGSHIYIZHIZAJUN,BAOHUYANGDUJUNJUNSISHENGZHANG(MEIPINGGUDASHUAIDUISHUI250GONGJINJUNYUNPENSACHUANGMIAN)。

彩票计划神器5.YANGDUJUNCHUANGMIANFASHENGBAIJUANBINGGANRANHOU,YONG“GULAOYE”PAI“SUOMEITE”MEIPINGDUISHUI40GONGJIN,ZHIJIEPENSAZAIZAJUNSHANG,QINGWEIGANRANDEPENSAYICIJIKESHAMIEBAIJUANBING,YANZHONGGANRANDEJIANGEYITIANPENSAYICI,LIANXUPENSA2-3CI。

6.WAIYUANYINGYANGDAIDEBAIFANGZHUYIBIKAIZAJUNWEIZHI,WAIYUANYINGYANGDAIHOUQIGANRANZAJUNDEHUA,ZAICHUGUZHIQIANBIXUCHEDAI。

彩票计划神器7.YANGDUJUNZAICHUGUQI,JIANGE10TIANZUOYOUPENSAYICI“GUDASHUAI”YAOYE,KESHIYANGDUJUNSHENGZHANGDEGENGJIAJIANZHUANG,GUXINGGENGJIAYUANZHENGGUANGHUA。

彩票计划神器DUISHIYONGJUNBINGCHONGHAIDEFANGZHIWOMENSHIZHONGQIANGDIAO“YUFANGWEIZHU、ZHILIAOWEIFU”,QIANGDIAOGUIFANHUACAOZUO,FAJUNJIEDUANJIAQIANGGUANLIRANGJUNSIJIANZHUANGYOULI,CHUGUJIEDUANDIAOHAOWEN、SHI、GUANGDENGCHUANGZAORANGZISHITISHENGZHANGZUIYOULIDETIAOJIAN,RANGQIJIANSHAOBINGHAIQINRUDEJIHUI。

彩票计划神器BAOCHICHANGDIHUANJINGWEISHENG,TIQIANSHIYONG“GULAOYE”PAI“JUNDISANJUE”PENSATURANG,SHAMIEBINGJUNHAICHONG,WEIYANGDUJUNSHENGZHANGTIGONGYIGEANQUANDEHUANJING。ZAIBANLIAOSHIJIARU“GULAOYE”BANLIAOZENGCHANWANG,RANGYANGDUJUNJUNZHONGZAILIANGHAODEYINGYANGHUANJINGZHONGKUAISUFENHUACHENGZHANG,NEIBUYOUSHIQIANGDALEJIUKEYIJIANSHAOBINGCHONGHAIDEQINXIJIHUI。


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